• A health information system (HIS) is broadly defined as a system that integrates data collection, processing, reporting, and use of the information necessary for improving health service effectiveness and efficiency through better management at all levels of health services.
  • Started with the emergence of reformed HMIS to satisfy the need of quality data for making informed decisions in 2001 EC
  • Automating the HMIS followed to maintain quality and timeliness of data as well as assure simplification starting 2003 with pilot implementation

eHIS Systems

  • eHMIS (2005-2010)
  • SmartCare-MRU (2006 to date)
  • SmartCare-ART (2007 to date)
  • eMRIS 2008 – to date)
  • HRIS – Manage
  • HRIS – License
  • IVR (2007 - 2010)
  • DHIS2 (Since 2010)
  • eCHIS (2008 – to date)
  • HAPMIS (2012 – to date)



  • 1187 health institutions are connected via HealthNet through ADSL, Fiber, 3G, and MTM SIMS
  • Bandwidth upgrading to the functional connectivity was adjusted 5Mbps for HCs and 8Mbps for hospitals respectively

Facility LAN

  • Implemented to facilitate communication between each department.

installed for 507 facilities to support different systems that are provided by The Ministry and Region.


  • Dagu is a locally developed, open-source, custom software platform designed to support inventory control, and logistics management information at service delivery points. It provides a systematic recordkeeping system for managing health commodities at health facility stores.
    • It has been implemented in more than 200 Facilities
    • Computers have been also donated for this application for more than 100 facilities


  • Electronic Auditable pharmaceutical Transaction System which aims to manage the pharmacy dispensing unit.
    • deployed in 5 hospitals (AHMC, Tulu bolo, Olenchity, Nekemte, Deder Hospitals) as first-phase Implementation


  • is an open-source mobile software platform designed to manage inventory – from receipt to issue. It is fully integrated into Vitas, EPSS’s supply chain management information system, and Fanos, EPSS’s supply chain dashboard, in order to ensure end-to-end visibility into the entire EPSS supply chain.
    • implemented in 185 WoHOs


  • DHIS2 is a tool for the collection, validation, analysis, and presentation of aggregate and patient-based statistical data, tailored (but not limited) to integrated health information management activities.
  • Over 6,680 HPs, 1,400 HCs, and 104 hospitals do use the application currently either online or offline including private facilities.
  • With its version upgrade to DHIS2.36 in 2022, it came up with a better dashboard for displaying analyzed performances
  • Above 3284 users in the health sector participated on the End-user training.
  • Also, the region deployed DHIS2-Covac for Vaccine management of COVID-19


  • Implementing an electronic community health information system (eCHIS) is a high-priority initiative of the Ethiopian Ministry of Health (MoH) that demonstrates its commitment to using technology and data to improve the community-level provision of health promotion and preventive, basic, and curative health services.
  • It was started in HPs found in 16 woredas of ten zones
  • Currently, the Implementation traversed 3,563 Health Posts 7012 Health Centers, and 140 woredas all over the Oromia region.
  • Above 7000 tablets, M2M SIM cards, and 10,000 Power banks were distributed for the implementation.
  • More than 9M population and 2.5M HH were registered using the system.
  • Giving service using the system is started on selected woredas.


  • The MFR is a locally developed, open-source, custom software platform designed to provide a definitive list of all facilities operating within the Ethiopian health sector. It registers and tracks a set of administrative information for each facility (unique ID, location, phone number, etc.) and this data is used to inform all other EFMOH software systems (e.g. Vitas, Dagu, mBrana, Fanos, HMIS, DHIS).

SmartCare MRU

  • Electronic medical records Implemented in the card room for ease of access to their record also facilitate the retrieval system.
  • Since the full digitization of facilities using Full-EMR is resource intensive, modular implementation has been preferred and started by TUTAPE
  • It started with the then Type-A HCs (over 300) and all hospitals though it later expanded to HCs with the power sources.

Full EMR

  • The EMR is a computerized system that captures, stores, and shares patient information enabling the delivery of quality health services to patients. It improves healthcare service quality by improving workflows, reducing medical errors, and minimizing cost and waiting time; and improves patient care by creating linkages among all caregivers, reducing the need for file space and supplies, and for workers to retrieve any records physically.
  • With real-time access to patient's medical records and test results, doctors and nurses can provide the fastest and most accurate medical treatment, increasing patient volume, treatment quality, and patient satisfaction, and thus boosting hospitals' revenue and operational efficiency
  • Six hospitals were identified for the first phase of implementation
  • Full-EMR has been deployed in AHMC